Scientists discover oldest known cave painting – and it’s a big, fat pig.

Archaeologists in Indonesia have found what is believed to be the oldest known cave art. The painting was found along the rear wall of a cave on a high ledge, in a large, little known valley. The cave painting shows a pig, likely an adult male Sulawesi warty pig. The painting is at least 45,500 years old! It can be hard for scientists to determine how old a cave drawing is. But in this case, the painting was covered by a small deposit of calcium carbonate over the rear foot of the pig. These deposits are easier to date and were found to be at least 45,500 years old. Since the painting is under the deposit, we can assume the painting is even older than the

Neanderthals weren’t as dumb as scientists thought – they could make fire and used resin ‘glue’ to craft their stone tools.

It seems as if Neanderthals were not as dumb as scientists thought. Archaeologists rummaging around in a cave in Italy found some of the oldest known evidence of the Neanderthals using glue on their stone tools. The process is called “hafting” and it wasn’t believed the slope-headed cousins of Homo sapiens knew how to do it. The tools the scientists found were dated to about 40 to 50 thousand years ago. Scientists thought Neanderthals lacked intelligence and were surprised to find they could fashion sophisticated weapons. “We continue to find evidence that the Neanderthals were not inferior primitives but were quite capable of doing things that have traditionally only been attributed to modern humans.” More than 1,000 tools were found in the Italian caves. Analysis of the tools

The Greatest Archaeological Discoveries Of All Time [Infographic]

Over the centuries, many prehistoric artifacts and grounds have been uncovered, from the mysterious Gobekli Tepe to fascinating Mount Owen Moa, the tomb of the sunken skulls to the cryptic Voynich manuscript. For every artifact or monument that is discovered, more mystery and intrigue unfolds. Will we ever know the true importance of each of these discoveries? The folks over at Caherconnell Fort created this outstanding infographic that features 10 of the ultimate archaeological discoveries throughout human history.  

How weather conditions helped confirm Stonehenge was once a complete circle

For a long time, archaeologists have suspected that the huge Neolithic stones of Stonehenge once formed a complete circle. Now, due to an unusually hot and dry summer, the mystery of Stonehenge appears to have been solved. Although typically the site is kept watered, the dry summer of 2014, and a garden hose that wouldn't quite reach, revealed several ghostly outlines in the parched grass where the huge stone megaliths once lay. Archaeological remnants which have been buried in the ground for extended periods are known to affect the rate of grass that grows above them, even long after they've been removed. In the aerial photos above, you can clearly see the outlines in the grass where the stones once stood. Worker Tim Daw described how the

New research proves clever trick Egyptians used to move those massive stones across the sand

It’s long plagued Egyptologists and mechanical engineers and created many sleepless nights for Reeko – how did the Egyptians move those massive 2 ½ ton stones that were used to create their magnificent pyramids? Scientists from the University of Amsterdam believe they have figured it out – and the answer has been right in front of our faces all along. Some scientists think Egyptians laid down huge logs and rolled the massive stones across the logs. But those scientists have never stood in the middle of the Egyptian desert, stared at the endless sea of sand, and notice that, hey, there are no trees here! Other scientists have theorized that ancient Egyptians hauled their heavy cargo using some kind of sled. But the problem with this method